Analysis on the development of packaging machinery

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Analysis on the development of China's packaging machinery market

packaging machinery refers to machinery that can complete the packaging process of all or part of products and commodities. Packaging machinery can be classified into single function packaging machine and multi-function packaging machine according to their functions; According to the purpose of use, it can be divided into inner packaging machine and outer packaging machine; According to the variety of packaging, it can be divided into special packaging machine and general packaging machine; According to the automatic level, it can be divided into semi automata and full automata

1. The forming filling sealing packaging machine is a multifunctional packaging machine. After the materials enter the top of the packaging machine, the measuring part will send the fixed quantity of products into the material channel in turn. When the drum packaging material passes through the outer wall of the material channel, it is wound into a barrel shape by the shaper, and its longitudinal seam is welded and sealed firmly by the longitudinal sealer; The horizontal sealer completes the top seal of the packaging bag and the bottom seal of the next bag, forming two welds. Since the blanking channel is wrapped by the packaging bag, the material can be directly unloaded into the bag after sealing and welding, and then move a station to complete the top sealing and sealing, and cut it off with a knife to complete the packaging process

reel packaging materials are single-layer and composite. Single layer, such as moisture-proof cellophane, polyethylene, polypropylene, high-density polyethylene, composite, such as stretched polypropylene/polyethylene, polyethylene/cellophane/lead foil. In addition, there are materials that can be heat sealed. The types of package sealing include pillow sealing, three side sealing and four side sealing

2. Cartoning machine is a machine used for product sales and packaging. It loads a measured quantity of materials into the box, and closes or seals the opening of the box. The packing machine is used to complete the transportation packaging. It loads the packaged finished products into the box according to a certain arrangement and quantity, and closes or seals the opening of the box. Both the cartoning machine and the packing machine have the functions of container forming (or opening), measuring, loading, sealing, etc

its typical process is: the filling machine positions the hose container, seals the end of the container after metering and filling, and then sends it to the cartoning machine. The cartoning machine first forms the box blank, wraps the hose with lining paper, and then pushes it into the box to close the box. The small boxes are sent to the cartoning machine for stacking through the conveying device. After stacking a predetermined number, the large box blank forms a container by wrapping. At the same time, put the small box into it and apply glue to seal it. The large boxes are transported to the packing machine for stacking, and loaded into the open boxes after reaching the predetermined quantity. After packing, the box cover shall be glued and sealed by the box sealing and banding machine, and the cover tongue shall be pasted with adhesive tape at the seam, or the box shall be tied firmly by the strapping machine

3. According to the filling principle, liquid filling machines can be divided into atmospheric pressure filling machines, pressure filling machines and vacuum filling machines

atmospheric pressure filling machine is used to fill under atmospheric pressure by the self weight of liquid, which is divided into quantitative filling and constant volume filling. It is only suitable for filling low viscosity liquids without gas, such as milk, wine, etc

the pressure filling machine is used to fill at a higher pressure than the atmospheric pressure, which can also be divided into two types: one is that the pressure in the liquid storage cylinder is equal to the pressure in the bottle, and the filling depends on the self weight of the liquid flowing into the bottle, which is called isobaric filling; The other is that the pressure in the liquid storage cylinder is higher than the pressure in the bottle, and the liquid flows into the bottle by the pressure difference. This method is mostly used in high-speed production lines, which is suitable for filling liquid containing gas, such as beer, soda, champagne, etc

vacuum filling machine is used to fill when the pressure in the bottle is lower than the atmospheric pressure. This kind of filling machine has simple structure and high efficiency, and is applicable to a wide range of viscosity of materials, such as oil, syrup, fruit wine, etc

the process is generally as follows: the boxes with empty bottles are stacked on the pallet, sent to the pallet unloader by the conveyor belt, and the pallets are unloaded one by one. The boxes are sent to the unloader with the conveyor belt, and the empty bottles are taken out of the boxes. The empty boxes are sent to the washing machine by the conveyor belt, cleaned, and then transported to the packing machine, so that the bottles containing drinks can be loaded into them. Empty bottles taken out from the unloading machine are sent to the bottle washer for disinfection and cleaning by another conveyor belt. After being inspected by the bottle inspection machine and meeting the cleaning standards, they enter the filling machine and capping machine. The beverage is bottled by the filling machine. The bottles loaded with drinks are sealed by the capping machine and transported to the labeling machine for labeling. After labeling, they are sent to the packing machine for loading into the box, and then sent to the pallet stacking machine for stacking on the pallet and sent to the warehouse

second, the characteristics of market development. Chinese packaging experts predict the development trend of the industry and hope that packaging machinery enterprises can take positive countermeasures

1. The technical content of packaging machinery is increasing day by day. The technical content of some packaging machinery products in China is not high, but many advanced technologies have been applied to packaging machinery abroad, such as remote control technology (including monitoring), stepping motor technology, automatic flexible compensation technology, laser cutting technology, information processing technology, etc., which greatly improves the performance of products. Packaging enterprises should actively introduce these new technologies and improve domestic machinery. Experts also stressed that this is not enough, because packaging machinery is a product that uses high-tech faster. Once a certain technology has a breakthrough, it is first applied in packaging machinery. Therefore, the fundamental way out is to actively speed up the application of high and new technology and improve the technical content

2. The market of packaging machinery is increasingly monopolized. At present, in addition to the certain scale and advantages of corrugated box packaging machinery and some small packaging machines, other packaging machinery in China is almost out of system and scale, especially some complete packaging production lines with large demand in the market, such as liquid filling production line, beverage packaging container equipment, sterile packaging production line, cigarette packaging production line, etc., are monopolized by several large packaging machinery enterprises (groups) in the world packaging market. It is predicted that as foreign enterprises enter the Chinese market, some uncompetitive domestic packaging machinery enterprises will be acquired, merged or bankrupt by foreign enterprises, and some packaging products will be monopolized by several large enterprises, and the scope of monopoly will gradually expand from cigarette and beverage packaging machinery products to other packaging machinery products

3. A set of high-precision rota 40 steel pipe rotary ultrasonic flaw detection line has been added to the production of packaging machinery parts this year, and has also been put into use professionally. The international packaging industry attaches great importance to improving the general ability of packaging machinery and the whole packaging system. Therefore, the production specialization of packaging machinery parts is the inevitable trend of development. Many parts are no longer produced by packaging machinery factories, but by some general standard parts factories, and some special parts are produced by highly specialized manufacturers. The truly famous packaging machinery factory may be an assembly factory, because many control parts or structural parts of packaging machinery are the same as general equipment and can be borrowed. At present, the pattern of "small and comprehensive" and "large and comprehensive" in China's packaging industry is very incompatible with the development trend of specialization. This unreasonable overall structure of enterprises should be adjusted as soon as possible

4. Towards multi-function and single high-speed polarization. The ultimate goal of packaging machinery is to improve productivity and product diversification. This makes the product specifications of packaging machinery develop in a polarized direction, that is, multi-function and single high-speed. Some large-scale enterprises, such as Coca Cola and Pepsi, need to sell their products to all parts of the world continuously. They require high efficiency in packaging products, emphasizing speed and quality. With China's entry into WTO, there will be more and more such products and enterprises in China, and the multi-function is developed to meet the changing market demand, such as pillow type, triangle type (special-shaped) and conjoined type. The packaging requirements of these products can be completed on a set of packaging equipment, and the packaging of different structural forms can be completed only with a little change in local control or operation

in addition to the above development trends, various new packaging materials and technologies will continue to be applied in the field of packaging machinery

III. hot spots in the packaging machinery market. Based on the information of the domestic packaging market, we can find that the main packaging machinery with strong market demand at present are:

1. Corrugated cardboard, box making (box), printing complete sets of equipment corrugated cardboard, carton refers to packaging boxes, large cartons, fast food lunch boxes, disposable paper cups, paper mold packaging, etc. these products can be regarded as the leader in the packaging industry, There are nearly 10000 carton (box) packaging plants in China. For more than ten years, the demand for corrugated board, carton (box) and printing equipment in the domestic circulation field has been booming, and the supply exceeds the demand. In addition to a large number of daily necessities packed in cartons, motorcycles and bicycles are also packed in cartons. In particular, the indispensable fruits in daily life are also packed in cartons instead of willow baskets. According to the industry forecast, soon, vegetables will also be Langsheng high performance materials business department: & nbsp; Promote the development of the automotive and electronic industries with innovation, and use cartons in a large number of packaging. With the further development of economy, carton packaging enterprises have accelerated the pace of renovation, and there will be an urgent need for complete sets of corrugated cardboard and carton (box) equipment with a width of more than 2000mm, including five, seven, nine and high-strength

2. Pharmaceutical processing and packaging machinery all kinds of complete sets of Chinese and Western medicine processing equipment, especially the important modern mechanical equipment processing, are important topics in the industry today. To solve the packaging problems of traditional Chinese medicine slices, films, injections, creams, powders, pills, there is an urgent need for all kinds of pharmaceutical processing and packaging equipment to solve the adaptability, compatibility and reliability of products, especially high-speed, automatic, multi-functional packaging machinery And corresponding supporting composite packaging materials

3. Complete sets of convenient food production equipment mainly include complete sets of convenient food processing equipment represented by instant noodles, convenient porridge, dumplings, steamed stuffed buns and other production machinery, and the demand for their products is increasing. According to the domestic market survey, the direction of people's demand for convenience food is: nutritious, high-end products and good taste. The market prospect of traditional food processing equipment from soft materials to superhard materials and elderly and infant food processing equipment is also promising, and relevant enterprises should focus on development

4. At present, there are more than 800 major breweries and more than 2000 major beverage factories in China. Beer filling machinery focuses on the development of medium-sized filling complete equipment with an annual output of 50000 tons, and moderately develops large-scale beer filling complete equipment with an annual output of more than 100000 tons. Industry insiders particularly stressed the need to develop high-speed, low loss, accurate measurement, automatic detection and other multi-functional, fully automatic equipment. Beverage machinery should adapt to the development direction of "centralized production of main agents and decentralized filling of beverages". Develop on-site beer and beverage blending technology and equipment

5. Fruit and vegetable processing and fresh-keeping packaging equipment for fruit and vegetable processing, fresh-keeping is an important trend of its development. There is an urgent need for fruit and vegetable classification technology and equipment, high-efficiency juicing technology and equipment, energy-saving concentration technology and equipment, washed and selected fruits, quick-frozen vegetables and dehydrated vegetables technology and equipment. Develop processing machinery, especially packaging equipment, that greatly reduces the loss of food raw materials such as fruits and vegetables, grain, meat (aquatic products), eggs, etc. at present, most of them adopt modified atmosphere and C o60 radiation technology and equipment

IV. Russian space merchants in the export market have a special preference for the products of Harbin Aerospace Fenghua Technology Co., Ltd. they ordered 6 sets in a delivery not long ago, with a total value of more than 2.5 million yuan. High tech packaging machinery developed by Harbin Aerospace Fenghua Technology Co., Ltd

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