Analysis on the development of Sweden's beverage p

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Analysis of the development of the recycling and manufacturing industry of beverage packaging in Sweden II

recycling of plastic bottles of beverages

1, history and current situation

after the successful implementation of the deposit system for the recycling of cans in Sweden, the parliament approved the establishment of the deposit system for the recycling of plastic bottles of beverages (polyethylene terephthalate pet, polyethylene terephtalate) in 1993. Its operation process is similar to the recycling of cans, and it was implemented in 1994. At present, the annual sales volume of plastic bottle packaged beverages (including purified water, mineral water, fruit juice, soda, cola, etc.) registered by returnpack company reaches 300million bottles, and the empty bottle recovery rate is 79%

2. Recycling and treatment process

the most common beverage products in the Swedish market are 0.25 ~ 3 liter packages. Due to the large differences in the individual and weight of plastic beverage bottles, The special recycling machine will automatically return valuable vouchers to consumers at different rates according to the barcode information registered on the empty plastic bottles (1 Krona for each plastic bottle less than 1 liter, 2 Krona for each plastic bottle more than 1 liter to 3 liters, and 4 Krona for each plastic bottle that can be refilled and used repeatedly)

the beverage seller is responsible for collecting all the recycled empty plastic bottles (at this time, special attention should be paid to removing the non beverage packaging of other materials), and transporting them to the treatment plant in nuosheping city in special containers. After cleaning, sorting, flattening and packaging, they are handed over to the beverage manufacturer for registration. According to this registration, returnpack company will return the deposit and processing fees paid by the beverage seller to consumers. After the floating ash is gently brushed away with an ostrich brush, the packaged parts are sent to the raw material processing plant, and they are crushed into two kinds of raw materials according to the nature of the plastic bottles. Then the raw materials that can be used to make plastic bottles of beverages again are made into test tube shaped blanks (the inner and outer layers of the blanks are covered with a new layer of polyethylene material), and then the plastic bottles of beverages are made by machine blowing and supplied to the beverage product manufacturing plant to fill drinks. For those raw materials that cannot be used to remake plastic bottles of beverages, they will be sold to chemical fiber factories to make chemical fiber wool, which can be used to produce products such as woolen clothes, interior decorative materials of cars or fillers of bedding

3. The enterprises involved and the polyethylene plastic bottle Co., Ltd. subordinate to their company

returnpack are specially responsible for the businesses related to the recycling of polyethylene Beverage plastic bottles, such as collecting basic deposit from plastic bottle packaging beverage manufacturers and 1:3 importers, selling the processed and packaged plastic bottle packaging materials to plastic bottle processing plants or chemical fiber plants Pay or transfer relevant deposits and processing fees or accounts to retailers and plastic bottle packaged beverage manufacturers, the operation management and finance of the plastic bottle business of the treatment plant, and the AVIC industrial recycling strategy metal and Alloy Engineering (phase 1) project undertaken by AVIC SHANGDA Metal Recycling Technology Co., Ltd. is scheduled through the commissioning trial production, and send people to each recycling point every Friday to check the recycling quantity recorded by the beverage plastic bottle recycling machine Re input the barcode information that is still valid for registration once, and input the newly registered barcode information to the recycling machine

all beverage manufacturers and beverage importers in Sweden must participate in the recycling mechanism. In addition to providing barcode information and registering with returnpack, and providing treatment funds for the recycled empty beverage plastic bottles, they are also required to obtain a special guarantee applied by returnpack from the Swedish agricultural authority to ensure the return of the deposit to consumers

due to the late establishment of the deposit system for the recovery of plastic bottles of beverages, the Swedish agricultural authority is also involved in part of the supervision work, that is, it is responsible for issuing special licenses to plastic bottle packaged beverage manufacturers or importers, and charging 10000 kroner a year for management fees. If the expenditure of this fund in the middle of the year exceeds half, the relevant enterprises need to pay another 5kg of management fees, So that the process of consumers getting the deposit in time will not be affected

other enterprises and situations related to the operation of the recycling mechanism

according to the relevant regulations of Swedish environmental protection and driven by sales interests, more and more Swedish food stores, especially large chain stores, have invested in the establishment of venues and facilities to facilitate consumers to put empty cans and empty plastic drink bottles, For example, in the special recycling machine room at the entrance of the shopping mall (some recycling machine locations also accept other types of packaging materials that do not participate in the recycling mechanism, such as cartons, shopping bags, glass beer bottles and soda bottles, which will be sold to relevant production enterprises or wholesalers. In addition, the special recycling machine also receives aluminum empty cans registered with non recycling mechanism, but there is no deposit return), so as to attract consumers to shop here. Although the law does not stipulate that sellers must participate in the recycling mechanism, their participation has been regarded by the public as one of the enterprise signs of good reputation and environmental awareness. Therefore, even if a small number of large food retail stores do not participate in the recycling mechanism of returnpack, they also recycle the used related packaging items in their own independent ways. At present, there are 5500 retail stores in Sweden participating in the recycling mechanism, and most of them have signed a direct payment agreement DC (direct credit) with returnpack company, that is, returnpack company provides a guarantee for the return of costs and related processing fees for empty cans and plastic beverage bottles recycled by retail stores, for which it pays about 750million kroner a year

in addition, retail stores that recycle a large number of empty cans or plastic bottles of beverages (especially those that purchase products directly from the manufacturer) do customer registration at the relevant product manufacturers, that is, these manufacturers only accept the empty cans or plastic bottles that are sent to them by the registered retail stores, which are not only strong but also extremely fragile in nature, so as to facilitate recycling. For those retail stores with a small amount of recycling, you can register at the nearby large retail stores that have registered customers, which can also facilitate the recycling process

there are two main manufacturers of special recycling machines in Sweden. They are responsible for manufacturing, supplying and maintaining special recycling machines to retailers, and submitting records of recycling quantity and payment to the relevant companies of returnpack every week. This record is one of the basic basis for the relevant financial arrangements of returnpack

publicity means

another important reason for the success of the Swedish recycling mechanism is that returnpack has always attached great importance to the publicity of environmental protection, recycling and reuse. The main means are:

1. Establish cooperative relations with all relevant societies and institutions, including all types of sports associations, associations promoting outdoor activities Ski schools in mountainous areas, etc

2. Hold large-scale publicity activities often or in cooperation with other goods recycling agencies

3. The key groups of publicity are teachers, students, children, young people, adults (18-44 years old) and consumers

4. Making series of films, TV promotional films and advertisements, such as funny and comic music advertising films, has a very high audience rating and is widely known

5. All promotional materials can be viewed and downloaded from

6. Provide publications, advertising logos and pictures to all partners free of charge

7. Donate 2million Krona to the "keep Sweden Clean Foundation" every year

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